When a patient has a tooth that is damaged by decay, dental fillings are used to restore its regular shape and functions. Firstly, the decayed material of the tooth is removed, and after that, the affected area is thoroughly cleaned. After the cleaning, the part of the tooth that was removed is replaced with a filling material. The purpose of dental fillings is to close off spaces where bacteria can enter and cause further decay. Besides for treating cavity and preventing further deterioration, fillings are also used when broken, or cracked teeth need to be repaired.
The Process of Filling a Tooth
The first thing that you can expect from this procedure is to get local anesthesia. The purpose of this is to numb the area around the tooth that will be treated. The last thing you want is more pain while your tooth is being drilled. After the area becomes numb, it is time for the entire process to start.
The next step is the use of a drill or a laser with the goal to remove the decayed area. The choice of dental instruments depends on the extent and the location of the decay. When the drill is used, you can expect the dentist to cut through the enamel and remove any decay. It is also crucial for a Dr. Witt to test the area and determine if the decay is completely removed or not.
Once this step is finished, the next task is to prepare the tooth for the filling. It is done by cleaning the created space in the tooth from debris and bacteria and shaping it. Tooth etching with an acid gel will also be done in case of bonded fillings. The next step is to apply the actual mixture and fill the tooth entirely. Finally, after it is in, the last phase of the entire procedure is tooth polishing so that everything is nice and smooth.
Types of Dental Fillings
A wide variety of filling materials is available, and they differ from one another concerning color, strength, and cost. Most common types are composite and amalgam. The best dental filling for you depends on your aesthetic preferences and the price. Normally you can decide which kind best suits your situation. the professionals at Laytonsville Family dentistry can help you make that decision.
Composite fillings are sometimes referred to as filled resins or composites. Many people choose them because they can be made the same color as the rest of the teeth. It’s not surprising that they are used by those who prefer the natural appearance of their smile. The ingredients of composite fillings are mixed and placed into the cavity, and after that, they will harden. This type of filling is a perfect option for small and medium restorations. However, they are not an ideal solution for substantial reconstruction as they can wear or chip over time. In general, they last between three and ten years, and they may be prone to staining from tobacco and coffee.
Silver fillings have been used for more than a century. They are also known as Amalgam fillings. They are extremly durable and resistant to wear, which makes them perfect for filling cavities in teeth that do most of the chewing. Another factor contributing to their notariaty is the price as these fillings are inexpensive. However, unlike the previous type, they have a metallic appearance and are noticeable. That’s why they are mostly used for teeth in the back of the mouth, such as molars. People don’t prefer this type of fillings for their front teeth because they can adversely impact the beauty of their smile.